THE FACTS

This ball-bust’n disease can strike without notice, and is the #1 Cancer for men aged 15-34

Risk factors for testicular cancer

  • Age: Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in Men between 15 to 35.
  • Family history: A man who has a close relative (particularly a brother) who has had testicular cancer has an increased risk of developing testicular cancer.
  • Personal history: Men who have had cancer in one testicle have an increased risk of developing cancer in the other testicle. That is why patients who have had testicular cancer need to be followed carefully by their doctors.
  • Cryptorchidism: This is a condition where one or both testicles do not descend into the scrotum before birth as they normally should.  These men have an increased risk of developing testicular cancer. This risk may be lowered if surgery is performed to correct this before puberty.
  • Klinefelter’s Syndrome: Men with this condition have an extra X chromosome, which results in low levels of male hormones, infertility, breast enlargement, and small testicles. It also increases the risk of developing germ cell tumours (seminoma) that begin in the chest, but this is rare.
  • HIV (Human Immunodeficiency virus) infection: Men with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome), have a slightly higher risk of developing germ cell tumours (seminoma).

Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

This is a list of symptoms of testicular cancer. This is by no means an exhaustive list, and many of these symptoms could represent something else. Only consultation with your doctor can determine their cause. If you think you have any of these symptoms, be sure to see you doctor as soon as possible.

  • Painless lump or swelling on either testicle. It can be tiny or grow very large. The affected testicle may also become more firm than the other testicle.
  • Pain or discomfort (with or without swelling) in a testicle or scrotum. Pain can result from many different conditions, including infections (orchitis or epididymitis), injury, twisting (torsion), or cancer.
  • Change in the way a testicle feels.
  • Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum.
  • Dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin.
  • Sudden buildup of fluid in the scrotum.
  • Breast tenderness or growth. Although rare, some testicular tumors produce hormones that cause breast tenderness or growth of breast tissue (a condition called gynecomastia).
  • Lower back pain, shortness of breath, chest pain, and bloody sputum (phlegm) can be symptoms of advanced testicular cancer, but many other diseases can also cause these symptoms.